Last year the State Government released South Australia’s Climate Change Strategy 2015–2050. It provides a framework for action to maximise the State’s opportunities for renewal and transformation and it sets a target for the state to achieve net zero emissions by 2050. But how will this be achieved?
South Australia is blessed with a mix of renewable energy resources and there is significant scope for further development. The renewable energy resources are summarisaed below.
With more days of sunshine than most areas of the world, South Australia has significant untapped solar energy potential. Australia has the highest average solar radiation per square metre of any continent. Due to its geographic location, some of the highest readings have occurred in the northern parts of South Australia. For example, the irradiance levels—which refers to the radiant flux (power) received by a surface per unit area—at Roxby Downs in northern South Australia have been recorded at a world class 2,500 kWh/m2 a year, which is comparable to levels in Spain, southern Europe, northern Africa and the Middle East. South Australia’s Renewable Energy Atlas offers an interactive map for investors to identify optimal land areas for potential solar developments provides information about solar resources, transmission lines and power stations.
Solar thermal, also called concentrated solar thermal (CST), converts solar radiation into heat. CST projects use lenses and reflectors to concentrate sunlight, which then heats a substance such as salt, water or oil to produce steam to drive a turbine. Solar thermal electricity is typically designed for large-scale power generation. The potential benefits of CST generation is well recognised, especially as it can be coupled with energy storage to enable the dispatch of energy when it is needed. A new 150 MW CST project — which will be the largest of its kind in the world — has been approved for regional South Australia to support the state’s electricity supply. It is due to be operational by November 2020.
Solar photovoltaic (PV) involves converting sunlight directly into electricity using photovoltaic cells. PV systems can be installed on rooftops, integrated into building designs and vehicles, or be the basis of megawatt-scale power plants. To date, the solar PV industry in South Australia has been limited to rooftop solar PV systems with more than 800 MW of capacity installed and about one in three households hosting solar panels. More favourable economics and the presence and location of a world-class solar resource has meant there is now a significant portfolio of utility-scale solar PV generation projects at various stages in the development pipeline. The South Australian government recognises the opportunities in optimising PV systems by using them in conjunction with energy storage, or concentrating mirrors or lenses for large-scale centralised power. Projects are currently underway to test the benefits of combining solar PV with battery storage.
Ocean energy comes from converting the natural movement of oceanic waters, including tidal flows, waves and currents, into electricity. While technologies to generate electricity from the ocean are in the early stages of development, ocean power has great potential as an energy source. Some of the world’s most innovative companies are preparing to reap the benefits in South Australia and a small number of ocean energy trials have taken place. In fact, the southern coastline provides enormous capacity for ocean energy generation; CSIRO research has indicated that Australia’s southern coastline could provide more than 10% of the nation’s energy needs by 2050. To help investors locate ideal sites, the CSIRO has developed a Wave Energy Atlas that is available as a layer on the Australian Renewable Energy Mapping Infrastructure.
South Australia has enormous reserves of geothermal resources that can be used to generate heat and electricity. Geothermal energy emerges from the earth’s centre to the layers of rock near its surface. It can be used for applications such as heating and cooling buildings, desalination, aquaculture, greenhouses, timber drying, paper manufacturing, sterilisation of equipment, and food processing. It can also be used for electricity generation. South Australia’s geothermal energy resources are suitable for direct industrial applications, as well as significant enhanced geothermal system and hot sedimentary aquifer resources suitable for electricity production. Advantages in developing these resources lie in their capacity to provide low emission, renewable, baseload energy, and their contribution to energy efficiency and security of supplies. The further development of a strong national renewable energy policy framework would support the geothermal industry in South Australia and across the country. For more detailed information about geothermal energy in South Australia visit the Geothermal site of the Energy Resources division.
For more general information about geothermal energy click here.
The WaterMark Certification Scheme is a mandatory Certification Scheme for certain plumbing and drainage products to ensure that plumbing and drainage products are fit for purpose and appropriately authorised for use in plumbing or drainage installation.
The Australian Building Codes Board (ABCB) is responsible for the management, oversight and administration of the WaterMark Certification Scheme and, through the Approved Certifier Agreement, AGA is authorised to issue the ‘WaterMark’.
Following the ABCB publication of the Manual for the WaterMark Certification Scheme (first published June 2017), the ABCB have also released videos to help increase education and awareness of the mandatory WaterMark Certification Scheme:
You can view these videos at the links below.
* What is WaterMark? outlines the WaterMark Certification Scheme and its purpose &
* What requires WaterMark? explains the types of products that require WaterMark Certification and how to know if a product has been certified.
For more information, contact Ivan Marsic (AGA Manager, Certification) – email@example.com
AGA is a member based, not-for-profit industry association which exists only for the betterment of the gas and related industries.
“AGA was born for the gas industry and is approaching 100 years old!”
AGA is the leading gas product certification association in Australia with a keen focus on customer service and consumer safety. We pride ourselves on maintaining the highest level of technical expertise which is unrivaled in the industry and enables us to provide the best product certification services to our customers.
AGA also has many international partners to assist local customers access international markets and overseas customers achieve fast access to the Australian market whilst satisfying Australian regulatory requirements and providing assurance of consumer safety.
During these unprecedented times when there is so much uncertainty in the market, you can rest assured that AGA can provide you with the technical expertise, knowledge and assistance to help you get your appliance Certified, Tested and on to the market as fast as possible.
Our highly experienced team have over 300 years experience and are keen to help you through these difficult times.
Contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org if you would like to discuss your next project.
As always, we look forward to working with you!
AS/NZS 3500.0 (Plumbing and drainage, Part 0: Glossary of terms) is open for public comment until the 17th August 2020
If you would like to submit any comments, you may forward them to our Group Manager, Technical Operations, Mr Bill (Vasilios) Tabourlos [email@example.com], or directly through the Standards Australia website: Click Here